Sermon – The Feasts of Moses

Title: The Feasts of Moses

Date: June 1, 2008

Speaker: Jim Baldwin

Notes:

Feasts of Moses

Menorah – National symbol of Israel
Graphically represents the 7 Feasts of Moses

  • 3 spring feasts
  • Shavout (weeks)
  • 3 fall feasts

 

Spring Feasts

  • Passover: 14th of Nisan
  • Unleavened Bread: 15th through the 21st of Nisan
  • First Fruits: Day after Sabbath after Passover

 

Feast of Weeks: 50 days after the Feast of First Fruits: Birthday of the church – Pentecost – Today

 

Fall Feasts

  • Trumpets: 1st of Tishri
  • Day of Atonement: 10th of Tishri (Yom Kippur, Holiest day in Jewish calendar)
  • Feast of Tabernacles: 15th through the 22nd of Tishri

 

Background

  • Not all Sabbath’s are on the 7th day of the week (Shabbat)
  • Some are tied to the calendar: 15th, 21st of Nisan, 1st, 10th, 15th, 22nd of Tishri (Num 28:18 ,25, 29:1,7,12,35)
  • One is tied to an event: First Fruits: On the day after the Sabbath after 14th of Nisan (Lev 23:5-11)
  • This places 3 of the “High Sabbath’s” in the Spring Feasts and 4 in the Fall Feasts (John 19:31)
  • Feasts are images of heavenly reality (Col 2:16,17)
  • God set their Feast times (Lev 23:4)
  • Feasts called mowar: to keep an appointment, migraw: rehearsal

 

All the feasts have multiple roles

  • Commemorative: Helps them remember what God has done for them
  • Instructive: Teaches how to love and worship God, and how he loves us
  • Prophetic: What God has planned for the future, shown by images and models

 

OT passages teaching about the feasts (Lev 23; Num 28,29; Deut 16)

 

Spring Feasts

 

Passover (Ex 12:1-14, 43-48; Lev 23:5; Num 28:16; Deut 16:1-8)

Commemorates when the death angel passed over houses in Egypt with lamb’s blood on their door posts and lintels.

 

4 cups of wine

  1. Bringing out: recite Kiddush reminding of being brought out of Egypt and bondage: Jesus brings us out of the bondage of Sin
  2. Deliverance: recite Maggid: tells of deliverance from plagues of God’s judgment against Egypt: Our deliverance from trials of life
  3. Redemption: Remembers the blood of the Passover lamb that delivered from the death angel: After supper feast: Jesus Blood delivers us from death: Mixed with warm water Mishnah Pes. VII 13
  4. Taking out: Praise for taking Israel out of Egypt: We are taken out of this world into the Kingdom of God

 

Passover lamb: His Body

 

Matzah

  • Pierced and striped
  • 3 pieces: Father, Son, Holy Spirit
  • Middle piece broken wrapped in linen cloth and hidden (aphikomen)

 

Bedikat hametz: ritual search and removal of leaven: Symbolizes removal of sin

 

Haggadah: Showing Forth: Story told at Passover Seder(Order)

 

Jesus as fulfillment

 

His blood on our heart causes our Sin to be passed over (Matt 26:27-29, John 6:47-58)

 

Leaven removed in ceremony, Sin removed in our lives

 

Uncircumcised cannot participate (Ex 12:43,44, Deut 10:16, Jer 4:4, Rom 2:26-29)

 

Read 1 Corinthians 11:23-26

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Posted by admin in Sermons on June 1, 2008